Newtonsoft Json Deserialize Generic Object

Therefore, you can use the class when you want to work with JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) in managed code. BSON is a standard for binary JSON. Serialization. Json package to deserialize the json object, But my json object contains the special characters like "\" and "'" (apos) with in it. JSON DeSerialization Method. Deserialize < TConcrete > (reader);}. In most of these queries, the API returns a documented key-value format that I can easily (automatically with RestSharp) deserialize into my POCOs. Here, I will show a simple JSON converter capable to convert most of the C# object types into JSON without using any third party and. By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. Overview This is a library/helper mod designed to offload redundant code from other mods (mainly my own) into a central place, and also to act as a general "helper" mod for users to help manage their mods or search for other mods. In this article I will show you how to handle a scenario where your models are structured after interfaces and you need to implement them, but then you also need to know what the concrete type is to be able to deserialize your JSON. NET Core), and am receiving back some JSON. DeserializeObject(Of datosPrueba)(sLine), datosPrueba). Collections. NET object or generic list to JSON and JSON to. yields the JSON I am looking for, exactly as at the top of this posting. There are several ways to do this, but most commenly, we use JSON. BSON supports all JSON types (objects, arrays, strings, integers, etc). JavascriptSerializer Example – Parsing JSON with C#. \r Path 'expand', line 1, position 10. Type is an interface or abstract class and cannot be instantiated. There can be times when the type is not known and still the JSON response needs to be read and processed in some manner. Nothing seems to work. like an array or List) that can be deserialized from a JSON object. Deserialization with the DataContractJsonSerializer. Good news, everyone! Newtonsoft natively supports deserializing to an ExpandoObject!. I would like to read cells from MS Project one by one (reading table does not work, only get full text for cell). Collections. It seems all of these answers here just assume you can get that little string out of a bigger object for people looking to simply deserealize a large object with such a dictionary somewhere inside the mapping, and who are using the System. To serialize and deserialize types that are not natively. There are no exceptions thrown during deserialization, but my Data variable is null. Note: in this case the format of the JSON is the result of MultipleModelAPIView of DjangoRestMultipleModels an extension of django-rest-framework. Net serialiser. The claim has value a container of a list of permissions. Net and have looked everywhere and tried a few things but so far no joy. DataHandler. RestSharp deserialize JSON to dynamic. Anyone help here, how to send the json data in. json2csharp is joining forces with quicktype to offer new and improved features including JSON attributes, PascalCase properties, modern C# syntax (nullables, expression members), Dictionary detection, class deduplication, and more. type[0]) { // Do something with typeStr } Documentation: Serializing and Deserializing JSON. Serialization is working fine but deserialization is not working. BSON supports some additional types,. 0, we’re shipping a brand new namespace called System. The JsonSerializer converts. There can be times when the type is not known and still the JSON response needs to be read and processed in some manner. Based on the suggestions of other developers, I was encouraged to use Newtonsoft. Net JSonSerializer – unsafe if the TypeNameHandling property is set to any value other than “None” 12. Json and install it. Following is the serialize method to serialize list items into JSON string format. If you asked me to, I could definitely tell you any particular value in that JSON object without problem. The JsonSerializer converts. i want to deserialize that text in JSON, but i cant i am using vb. net using c#, vb. Running the following code I currently get an ArgumentException of "Invalid type owner for DynamicMethod. 5 Release 11 - Serialization Tracing. In this article, I will show a sample program to read random quantum number from a site that provides JSON Service and after fetching the data, we will de-serialize it into an object. I don't agree that there is a right layer for you to put that class since you reading values from the config file based on keys provided and it can be needed by one or all of the layers. Deserialize(output, object); But the serializer. Linq to parse the data as list of array of object and then we'll convert one by one each item to typed object and add it to list. This library allows you to serialize and deserialize with a single line of code, directly to the objects you defined. I had not noticed that in my Json the res_data have a single object. Serialization. I am using vs2010,. I think this could well be a bug. String]' because the type requires a JSON array (e. FlightOption[0]. This is my fundamental issue. DeserializeObject(json); foreach (string typeStr in tmp. Create a gist now Instantly share code, notes, and snippets. Exception while calling NextTick callback (JsonSerializationException: Cannot deserialize the current JSON object (e. Note: in this case the format of the JSON is the result of MultipleModelAPIView of DjangoRestMultipleModels an extension of django-rest-framework. UiPath Activities are the building blocks of automation projects. Steve, That was my previous code. Here’s how I would deserialize the JSON we started with:. 0)) (http://NSwag. I can human-read it, see my values, all that fun stuff. NET Collection. JsonReader reader, System. NET object is using the T:Newtonsoft. Serialization size test for Azure caching. I think this could well be a bug. BookingInfo. This can be used to reform generic objects into instances of classes, or to transform date strings into Date objects. NET Documentation. How to deserialize a property with a dash (“-”) in it's name with NewtonSoft JsonConvert? HOME » Programming Languages We have a JSON object with one of the object having a dash in its. Newtonsoft JSON. NET objects into their JSON equivalent and back again by mapping the. Questions: Is there a way to deserialize JSON content into a C# 4 dynamic type? It would be nice to skip creating a bunch of classes in order to use the DataContractJsonSerializer. I’m facing the same problem with deserialize json object/array. I am writing down the one example below have a look into it. Serialization: var settings = new JsonSerializerSettings { TypeNameHandling = TypeNameHandling. There have been a couple of forum questions on how to store JSON data and retrieve it in Windows Phone 8. converters Type: Newtonsoft. How can I do this The members of the class I created are same as those of JSON string. But I must have changed something but do not know what. , Json object collection to Anonymous and Strongly typed objects using Json. not a primitive type like integer, not a collection type like an array or List or a dictionary type (. NET type objects into JSON-encoded data and then deserialize data in the JSON format back into instances of. PM> install-package Newtonsoft. If you observe above code we added namespace "Newtonsoft. This is where JsonConverters come in, and you can tell Newtonsoft. Serialization Tracing. Collections. This sample deserializes JSON into an anonymous type. Json namespace provides classes that are used to implement the core services of the framework. A simple console app to demonstrate this. Two solutions are possible: 1) fix the JSON document or 2) fix the source code. // Path 'Dict', line 1, position 9. List`1[Samana. For the sake of demonstration, we will use Newtonsoft. Deserialize() method requires a second parameter that is the type of object it will deserialize to. I use an anonymous type to describe the JSON response and call JsonConvert. I found the Newtonsoft JSON. The JsonSerializer converts. Unable to cast object of type 'Newtonsoft. However thanks in advance for ANY and ALL help given! I haven't coded in years, however recent events require me to pick back up again. I have pasted it below. Net objects. NET from CodePlex or install using NuGet. Optionally the * binary stream can be compressed with the SharpZipLib when using the define * "USE_SharpZipLib" * * Those methods where originally part of the framework but. NET is a pretty complete JSON implementation with lots of different choices for JSON parsing from dynamic parsing to static serialization, to complex querying of JSON objects using LINQ. Json framework is the best way to serialize and deserialize any. NET parsers so that we finally have a bit. For a description of how to do this, see How to: Serialize and Deserialize JSON Data. Net Framework 3. To deserialize a JSON string, use the Deserialize or DeserializeObject methods. When I read it back in, the List list is null. Generic type information is lost while serializing because of Java Type Erasure. NET object is using the JsonSerializer. Json serializer that WebApi uses by default is not able to determine which subclass of BaseDeliverable to use and therefore fails to deserialize the response. dynamic res = JsonConvert. net with example or serializing / deserializing JSON data in asp. [1,2,3]) to deserialize correctly. IEnumerable'. I checked System. JsonObjectAttribute can also be added to the type to force it to deserialize from a JSON object. Dictionary TKey, TValue. JsonConvert. Collections. I'm working on AX 2009 integration with third party web application. {"name":"value"}) into type 'System. PM > Install-Package Newtonsoft. Anything that can be represented in JSON can also be represented in BSON. NET , C# I have created a helper class that will allow me to consume any XML or JSON request for deserialization into a class object. You could use a custom converter for this, depending on what token the dictionary starts with, deserialize it JSON. Just thought i would share a solution also based on this that works with the Knowntype attribute using reflection , had to get derived class from any base class, solution can benefit from recursion to find the best matching class though i didn’t need it in my case, matching is done by the type given to the converter if it has KnownTypes it will scan them all until it matches a type that has. It seems all of these answers here just assume you can get that little string out of a bigger object for people looking to simply deserealize a large object with such a dictionary somewhere inside the mapping, and who are using the System. When I read it back in, the List list is null. NET and NodaTime results in NodaTime. The solution is to use a List> like @Tim S. I have JWT object with a certain payload claim. GetInstance Private mIdentifier As Int32 Public Property Identifier() As Int32 Get Return mIdentifier End Get Set(ByVal value As Int32). JsonSerializerTest. Deserialize a Collection. All of these if conditions in the below method have similar pattern, Any ideas to come up with a common method to reduce the duplication in this method? some case we want all the version, and in s. Could you please give me an example for a JSON Parser using Syste. Deserialization is really simple using this framework when you are dealing with types that are known. If you mark a dictionary with a [JsonExtensionData] attribute, the dictionary will be populated with the key-value pairs from the JSON for which there are not properties defined in the class. JsonSerializationException: Could not create an instance of type ITestInterface. This is where JsonConverters come in, and you can tell Newtonsoft. 5 only) Using this object we serialize and deserialize objects in C#. It seems all of these answers here just assume you can get that little string out of a bigger object for people looking to simply deserealize a large object with such a dictionary somewhere inside the mapping, and who are using the System. [1,2,3]) to deserialize correctly. Steve, That was my previous code. In this post, I'll tell you how to solve self referencing loop issue when using Newtonsoft. String][] By Vasudhaika in forum 1. The code then calls the serializer's Deserialize method, passing it the stream (StringReader) from which it should read the serialization. The deserializer doesn't know it's dealing with a Motorcycle, so it tries to make a Bike, but it can't, so it fails. This deserialization method does not try to cast the root of the object graph to a specific type, the way that the Deserialize method does. Overview This is a library/helper mod designed to offload redundant code from other mods (mainly my own) into a central place, and also to act as a general "helper" mod for users to help manage their mods or search for other mods. We really need to drill down to the nested objects before we map them to a plain old. dynamic res = JsonConvert. sln; Newtonsoft. In the MVC development of the. Json it goes undefined. In that case, your deserialization should code return a single object in stead of a list as well, i. I am getting the json value as string and unable to de-serialize the data in AX using x++. FlightOption[0]. I want to serialize/deserialize ClassToSerializeViaJson with json. How to deserialize a property with a dash (“-”) in it's name with NewtonSoft JsonConvert? HOME » Programming Languages We have a JSON object with one of the object having a dash in its. NET data structure you need. If the structure of the json varies or isn't know beforehand, I think your approach is fine. Can anyone see what am I doing wrong please? Thanks. LINQ to JSON is good for situations where you are only interested in getting values from JSON, you don't have a class to serialize or deserialize to, or the JSON is radically different from your class and you need to manually read and write from your objects. then after you make your class you can make a List of that class. BookingInfo. DeserializeObject(Of datosPrueba)(sLine), datosPrueba). Dictionary TKey, TValue. public override object ReadJson(JsonReader reader, Type objectType, object existingValue, JsonSerializer serializer) {//explicitly specify the concrete type we want to create: return serializer. Hello, We've been testing Unity 4. In particular a pattern I see quite often is to see someone that does the serialization from an object to a string, then having ASP. In our case, we can use JObject and JProperty. The object, when serialized, comes out as wonderful, pretty JSON. Deserialize < TConcrete > (reader);}. It is stored in the System. NET object; New feature - Added support for Guid, TimeSpan and Uri to LINQ to JSON; Change - Changed WriteEndObject, WriteEndArray, WriteEndConstructor on JsonWriter to be virtual; Change - Moved JPropertyDescriptor to Newtonsoft. I found the Newtonsoft JSON. Serializing and Deserializing JSON. This sample creates a custom converter from JsonConverter that overrides serialization for the Version class with a custom display string. Json with support for a reader/writer, a document object model (DOM), and a serializer. JContainer jc in a. NET serializing this string and having it deserialized implicitely and then again explicitely on the client side. c# jsonconvert Deserializing JSON to. Exception while calling NextTick callback (JsonSerializationException: Cannot deserialize the current JSON object (e. DataHandler. So for example List. Convert object to json and json to object in C# In this article we will see how to convert an object to json string or how to convert a json string to an object in C#, we will try to write a generic class with two methods, one for converting an object to json and other for converting json string to an object. DeserializeObject(Json); How can I access to the JsonDe object to get all the "Type" Data? I tried it with a loop but it is not working because the object does not have an enumerator. Guid like this:Newtonsoft. net I would like to do something like this: dynamic jsonResponse = JsonConvert. json for JSON serialization and deserialization in asp. Guid like this:Newtonsoft. Here are the json file (I hope the format is correct…) and the workflow I made. TypeNameHandling setting includes type information when serializing JSON and read type information so that the create types are created when deserializing JSON. In this article I will show you how to handle a scenario where your models are structured after interfaces and you need to implement them, but then you also need to know what the concrete type is to be able to deserialize your JSON. I found the Newtonsoft JSON. NET! What I don't like is calling the non-generic DeserializeObject method and then having to deal with JToken wrappers. All, I’ve put something together that I hope you can use: A set of generic methods which are based on the use of JSON. Deserialize(reader);} public override void WriteJson(JsonWriter writer, object value, JsonSerializer serializer). You can solve this by. 0 (NJsonSchema v9. Simple mesh in this case means an array of vertices and a. xml doesn't seem to be able to exclude all generic collections from stripping. net application. An exception of type 'Newtonsoft. then after you make your class you can make a List of that class. NET下载(下载下图第二个))并引用至项目。. I need to convert JSON object to entity, I have many entities and I don't want to write my code some times, so I built an entity-base class and I want to do deserialize to entity (without know which derived-entity call to the base-entity). This library allows you to serialize and deserialize with a single line of code, directly to the objects you defined. Type is an interface or abstract class and cannot be instantiated. Deserialize < TConcrete > (reader);}. \r\nPath 'result', line 2, position 12. nuspec; repositories. Recently I had the need for a web service of mine to take a JSON blob as an input. thanks for your post. 0 of 2017-08-20 Upgrade to Bridge v16. I found the Newtonsoft JSON. ReadObject(XmlReader, Boolean) Reads an XML document mapped from JSON with an XmlReader and returns the deserialized object; it also enables you to specify whether the serializer should verify that it is positioned on an. SettingsProvider class - should it be in DAL or BLL project? c#,data-access-layer,bll. String][] By Vasudhaika in forum 1. One thing missing from JSON. The JsonSerializer converts. sln; Newtonsoft. The object contains a generic collection of. If incoming JSON represents a collection and trying to deserialize it to a simple class would fail and vice versa too will not work. ServiceStack. Return Value Type: T The deserialized object from the JSON string. try serialize newtonsoft net example deserialize array c# json serialization json. I would like to read cells from MS Project one by one (reading table does not work, only get full text for cell). By continuing to browse this site, you agree to this use. In order to improve my c# (which is fairly basic at best) I decided to try to serialize a simple mesh to a file using the JSON. Of course, my sample code above is pretty simple and doesn't take into account arrays or nested objects in the JSON string; but, that can be accounted for by using the JsonToken enumeration (which I do above in detecting a property) and checking for the start of a nested object or an array. Use pre-defined typed classes. The problem is that the Newtonsoft. Deserialize JSON and put in object. how to use newtonsoft JSON to serialize and deserialize in asp. NET deserialize library for C#. I'm trying to read the values of a json array I got form a GET request. JsonObjectAttribute can also be added to the type to force it to deserialize from a JSON object. When I read it back in, the List list is null. Cannot deserialize the current Newtonsoft JSON object [Answered] RSS 2 replies Last post Mar 08, 2013 04:50 AM by Amy Peng - MSFT. Import Newtonsoft. Net, then the plan when using Json. [1,2,3]) to deserialize correctly. Cannot deserialize the current JSON object. But the Json serialization object method that comes with the system is not easy to use Json. JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight data-interchange format. The Newtonsoft. V433 Cannot deserialize JSON object into type 'System. AccuWeather5DaysForecast+RootObject]' because the type requires a JSON array (e. In this article I will show you how to handle a scenario where your models are structured after interfaces and you need to implement them, but then you also need to know what the concrete type is to be able to deserialize your JSON. net How to Deserialize JSON data to Object using Json. net JObject or generic dictionaries with FastJson is slower (~20%) than reading that data in to a defined class type. generate c# classes from a json string or url. Serializing objects to JSON using C#. It is pretty simple to serialize and deserialize objects in C#. i understood that my json is returning single data and i am trying to deserialize over IEnumerable interface so I can loop through its list. This article about Newtonsoft Json Deserialize C# Example. Json Language: Ada Assembly Bash C# C++ (gcc) C++ (clang) C++ (vc++) C (gcc) C (clang) C (vc) Client Side Common Lisp D Elixir Erlang F# Fortran Go Haskell Java Javascript Kotlin Lua MySql Node. I need to deserialize this JSON string and put the values in properties so that I can use it in my asp. SerializeObject(new Value(true)); Obviously the problem is that the converter type provided with the JsonConverterAttribute is an open generic type and Json. The easiest way is to use Newtonsoft’s JSON library for C#. I usually use newtonsoft. net JObject or generic dictionaries with FastJson is slower (~20%) than reading that data in to a defined class type. We really need to drill down to the nested objects before we map them to a plain old. Can you provide some feedback on the following points: Is this a good way to build the class (using Unity)? Is it acceptable to be throwing an exception from the constructor?. Just thought i would share a solution also based on this that works with the Knowntype attribute using reflection , had to get derived class from any base class, solution can benefit from recursion to find the best matching class though i didn’t need it in my case, matching is done by the type given to the converter if it has KnownTypes it will scan them all until it matches a type that has. This means that as long as the inbound JSON object matches the type signature of the type you want to create, the deserialization will work. Net / WPF , Serialization 2 Comments Some instructions on how to use Newtonsoft JSON to serialize and deserialize your objects in C#. 0 and dynamic to parse JSON This is exactly what I was searching for, and I asked a question regarding how to deserialize a complex JSON object in StackOverflow, and somebody made a link to this article. NET deserialize library for C#. If you asked me to, I could definitely tell you any particular value in that JSON object without problem. If you asked me to, I could definitely tell you any particular value in that JSON object without problem. Basically, you have a mismatch between your JSON document and the data model in your source code. Return Value Type: T The deserialized object from the JSON string. There are several ways to do this, but most commenly, we use JSON. NET's JObject, JArray, JValue objects. Deserialize didin't work with class that inherit from java. make sure the json object and the class have the same properties. First, we can create types and deserialize our JSON to create full objects. This is where JsonConverters come in, and you can tell Newtonsoft. Running the following code I currently get an ArgumentException of "Invalid type owner for DynamicMethod. BSON supports some additional types,. If your JSON starts with a curly brace: {then you get returned a single object - a so called root object. By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. Json framework is the best way to serialize and deserialize any. I can deserialize basic objects just fine, but here is where I'm having troubles I have this crazy return JSON which I have no idea how to deserialize. This article demonstrates how to serialize. Let's see an example re-using the previous foo object:. c# jsonconvert Deserializing JSON to. I'm working on AX 2009 integration with third party web application. I think this could well be a bug. Newtonsoft JSON. org Let's start. We use cookies for various purposes including analytics. But I must have changed something but do not know what. Using Newtonsoft. I had not noticed that in my Json the res_data have a single object. After creating your Visual Studio application, console or otherwise, make sure the System. DeserializeObject>((Newtonsoft. NET library (Newtonsoft) from NuGet. NET is a pretty complete JSON implementation with lots of different choices for JSON parsing from dynamic parsing to static serialization, to complex querying of JSON objects using LINQ. I can human-read it, see my values, all that fun stuff. The solution is to use a List> like @Tim S. Serialization is working, but deserialization gives me this error: Newtonsoft. Optionally the * binary stream can be compressed with the SharpZipLib when using the define * "USE_SharpZipLib" * * Those methods where originally part of the framework but. JsonConverter and implement the interface. Type which may contain information about parametrization too. collections. Using Newtonsoft. So my problem is that I want to access the text and the value in the Distance class trough the root object. nupkg; NUnit. Linq namespace. Convert object to json and json to object in C# In this article we will see how to convert an object to json string or how to convert a json string to an object in C#, we will try to write a generic class with two methods, one for converting an object to json and other for converting json string to an object. How to Deserialize JSON data to Object using Json. Something like this var obj2 = serializer. NET for my JavaScript parsing which has been a great move for flexibility. FlightOption[0]. Anybody can help me on how to solve ? I´m new with XamarinForms. Generic type information is lost while serializing because of Java Type Erasure. Deserialize returns a generic object so the code uses DirectCast to convert it into a Person object. json to serialize or deserialize json <-> string You can try using newtonsoft. Here is a quick. I can deserialize a single JSON line but when I try to do an array, I'm running into problems. I am also experiencing this issue. Just thought i would share a solution also based on this that works with the Knowntype attribute using reflection , had to get derived class from any base class, solution can benefit from recursion to find the best matching class though i didn't need it in my case, matching is done by the type given to the converter if it has KnownTypes it will scan them all until it matches a type that has. OrderBy ( x => x. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: