Mysql Connection String

dll as reference in your project. net connector with your project. As the most widely used interface to relational data, ODBC. After you install the Connector/Net component, you can write. I had this issue a few times over the last few months and the problem was always the same thing - time zones. NET Core application. If you have a small website, you probably don't mind typing your MySQL database connection code into the PHP script for a few pages. MySqlConnectionStringBuilder allows you to construct a connection string by assigning values to corresponding properties. In many cases, because it doesn't really have to work every time. Connection String Tester is a great simple tool for software developers to test their database connectivity quickly and easily through. This section explains the syntax of the URLs for connecting to MySQL. Home Subscribe MySQL C# tutorial About this tutorial. If you do not have a database yet, the following article will provide you with the proper instructions: How to Create and Delete MySQL Databases and Users. 0 ISSUE : When connecting from FOXPRO to MYSQL using SqlStringConnect (by way of ODBC) the connection would fail. There are various options. NET Core you’ll want to specify the provider in a class that inherits from DbConfiguration. Python needs a MySQL driver to access the MySQL database. 10 connection-string options that apply to all server configurations and the options related to systems using a connection pool (see Connection Pooling Options). In fact, the port number may vary for each application life cycle depending on its availability at startup time. It is free, and can be. NET / Getting Started / MySQL connectionstring in web. Please note that these are old versions. In this tutorial we will use the driver "MySQL Connector". On this tutorial, I will show you how to create an ODBC Connection to MySQL Server. Second, you need to provide the username and password of the MySQL account that you connect to the database. To do this, you must add a reference to the MySQL. believeNRows the value of believeNRows. If you were looking for a simple Scala JDBC connection example, I hope this short article was helpful. Then I can choose the machine data source (btw I set up my ODBC connections as machine sources). Your MySQL JDBC connection string comprises of a hostname and port. 7 using the. Cybler You can't do that unless they are using different transports. MySQL master discovery methods, part 4: Proxy heuristics. The tutorial takes you through establishing a mysql connection using php on a web page, connecting to a mysql table and retrieving the results and displaying them back on the web page. The Connection String is a property of the ADO. Data" from the list. Add a relational database to your Java SE or Java with Tomcat platform Elastic Beanstalk environment with an Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) DB instance running MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, or SQL Server. show me the code) I'm doing a PHP/SQL tutorial, but it starts by assuming you're already in MySQL. Linux and Windows ASP. Insert Multiple Rows into MySQL Database with it actually just sets each of the variables to the string being its own name; later they get set to something. NET, OLE DB. Using it will show you how to use the MySQL site. NET connection string. When you create a data connection by executing R code in the console, RStudio will automatically add the connection to the list of connections if the R package involved integrates with RStudio. dsn consists of uri: followed by a URI that defines the location of a file containing the DSN string. Go to Application ->right click on project name-> select Manage Nuget Packages-> Type MySql. A connection string is a string that contains information about a data source (usually a database engine), as well as the information necessary to connect to it. Ideally what I want is to have developer friendly connection string for both mysql instances. 10, but there are some caveats, documented in more details in the MySqlDb page. Looking for the correct databse connection string syntax? Look no further we got them all! This reference contains connection strings for many different databases, datasources and files, via OLE DB, ODBC, SQL Server. To help you create your own connection string, we've included an example below. Now we'll be able to connect to execute queries to MySQL with C#. MySQL Stored Procedure Programming: Building High-Performance Web Applications in MySQL (2006) by Guy Harrison, Steven Feuerstein MySQL Crash Course (2005) by Ben Forta A Guide to MySQL (Available Titles Skills Assessment Manager (SAM) - Office 2010) (2005) by Philip J. MySql package can be added to. I've begun doing some preliminary data warehousing of VFP data into MySql in order to test the speed, similar to what I did a few posts back with Advantage Database Server. A successful connection to a MySQL database in Dreamweaver depends on correct site definition entries when defining the site. 0 could have the following section which is placed directly under the root section. Basically you will add extra the time to establish a tcp connection and to transfer the data from the server to the client. MySQL CONCAT() function is used to add two or more strings. This tutorial will walk through a basic. Connection Pooling. The last packet sent successfully to the server was 0 milliseconds ago. When connecting from an Azure App Service to Azure Database for MySQL server, keep in mind that the outbound IPs of App Service are dynamic in nature. Connection strings are required to specify the connection information for the source and target databases in SQLines Data tool. When MySQL is first installed, it creates two databases during installation:. Depending on the setup type, you'll be prompted for the following information. MySQL Connection Strings Summary. You can connect to your MySQL/MariaDB database server using the mysql command line client or using programming language such as PHP or perl. This zip file contains a self-contained file of the MySQL Northwind database called. MySQL for Excel is an Excel Add-In that is installed and accessed from within the MS Excel’s Data tab offering a wizard-like interface arranged in an elegant yet simple way to help users browse MySQL Schemas, Tables, Views and Procedures and perform data operations against them using MS Excel as. Go MySQL Driver is an implementation of Go's database/sql/driver interface. If you’re an R package author, read our guide on the Connections Contract for instructions on adding this integration. Configuring a different datasource in Spring Boot is very simple. Connection String Tester is a great simple tool for software developers to test their database connectivity quickly and easily through. Although the documentation has quite a lot to say on the subject, I feel it tries to introduce too many concepts at once and ends up being confusing, especially when it comes to choosing between VARRAYs and Nested Table collections, where most of the. CommunicationsException: Communications link failure. PHP MySQL connection using PDO Before using database we need to connect it first. Simple - this is the most straightforward way to connect to your database. If available, JNDI and the DataSource interface should be used to get a Connection instead of DriverManager. If your client and database are on different servers, check that the system clocks are set to the same time / timezone. You can also enter a text string such as JDBC or embedded to filter the list. mysqli::real_connect — Opens a connection to a mysql server mysqli::real_escape_string — Escapes special characters in a string for use in an SQL statement, taking into account the current charset of the connection. A Netezza JDBC connection string consists of the following parts in the following order: jdbc:netezza:// (mandatory). This article explains how to write Java code to connect to a MySQL database server, step by step. GetConnectionString("server", "user",. In Java, it is possible to look up the definition of a class given a string containing its name. I have Ubuntu Server 16 with a LAMP stack. Config file in XML format and MySQL connection string in C#. It was developed specifically as a lightweight JDBC connector for use with MariaDB and MySQL database servers. If you do not have a database yet, the following article will provide you with the proper instructions: How to Create and Delete MySQL Databases and Users. I recently started experimenting with JSP. If configuration file was not specified explicitly by an init script starting the MySQL instance, then database would used the compiled-in default and such information would not be visible in the ps output. I am using Windows 10 and my MySQL server is installed on Linux Server. 0 compatible NuGet clients, such as Visual Studio 2017 (version 15. Closing the connection is done using end() which makes sure all remaining queries are executed before sending a quit packet to the mysql server. For your requirement,You will need an SSH client to connect first to the SSH server and then find a way to route the Sql connection over that tunnel. On VFP and MySql ConnectionStrings. The ODBC connection string has four major parts: the server address, database name, user name and password. Run trac-admin to create a new Trac environment. 51 Type ODBC Driver Usage Driver={MySQL ODBC 3. mysql Aliases and deprecated Mysqli Functions Change language: English Brazilian Portuguese Chinese (Simplified) French German Japanese Romanian Russian Spanish Turkish Other. The best way to create tables on a MySQL server is to use a package such as PhpMyAdmin. Array ( [callback] => Array ( [0] => CRM_Core_Error [1] => simpleHandler ) [code] => -24 [message] => DB Error: connect failed [mode] => 16. You can also enter a text string such as JDBC or embedded to filter the list. Via JDBC you create a connection to the database, issue. Connect with MySQL. If configuration file was not specified explicitly by an init script starting the MySQL instance, then database would used the compiled-in default and such information would not be visible in the ps output. Connecting to MySQL Using JDBC Driver – in this tutorial, you will learn how to connect to MySQL database using JDBC Connection object. Use Excel to read, write, and update MySQL data. Following steps are involved in JDBC MySQL connection. I set up a system DSN using the MySQL ODBC 5. A successful connection to a MySQL database in Dreamweaver depends on correct site definition entries when defining the site. MySQL provides standards-based drivers for JDBC, ODBC, and. I am using C#. Directive Name Value Type Description mysql. There are several data providers that you can use to connect to MySQL. flag (optional) integer setting various MySQL client flags. config file as in the following image. You can connect to your MySQL/MariaDB database server using the mysql command line client or using programming language such as PHP or perl. Compatible with cloud databases like Amazon RDS, Amazon Aurora, Oracle Cloud, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure. Tutorial: Running a php/mySQL server on EC2 with EBS. If you just want to see the code example, click on Code example: a simple program connects to MySQL. We define url to contain the connection string to database. The OpenConnection method requires an rdoEnvironment object. You open the connection using the OpenConnection method of the RDO Data Control. If I am hosting a website on the same server as the mysql server, and serving it to the web, what would my host be in the connection string for that page to connect to mysql?. Use a MySQL database as a source for AWS DMS. I was using the following on the host that I used before moving to Winhost, but it isn't working here:. You can also create an OleDb connection string at run time by using the OleDbConnectionStringBuilder class. config file. The following article refers to an earlier less direct solution. org after installing the MySQL Java connect driver, you should now be able to create a new OpenOffice. Net application with the help of MySQLConnector using C# and VB. If you want to use convars, the convars in the server. It was originally based on the Drizzle JDBC code with numerous additions and bug fixes. 04 i firstly installed mysql server with sudo apt-get install mysql-server mysql server version 5. So, if you have to switch your project to use another database, PDO makes the process easy. Posted on 30. net to make connection to MySql , we have different connection strings. This page contains information and examples for connecting to a Cloud SQL instance from a service running in App Engine. By default,. Open a connection to the database. Building a login page helps because there’s a database connection involved. Linux and Windows ASP. : mysql_connect « MySQL Database « PHP. First, we need to create a connection pool. Connection string. This property does not need a value associated with it. 3-0 which were in fact ODBC driver. NET Core application. Server Instance TCP Port Default Database Application Name Connection Timeout Encrypt using SSL. If available, JNDI and the DataSource interface should be used to get a Connection instead of DriverManager. going from left to right in the connection string, the first one. Set up the password for the root user as 'root' or whatever you want. Connecting using a URL. Connection strings for Excel. Please note that these are old versions. MySQL Connector/NET can also connect using the native Windows authentication plugin. NET Entity Framework 4. Connect to the database mysql_connect (‘localhost’, ‘UserName’, ‘Password’) ;. Connecting to a MySQL Database. mysql - a mysql handle, which was previously allocated by mysql_init(). The connection with MySQL Workbench to the server works well. MySQL and Java JDBC. The oldest MySQL version found was 3. config file. For any application, the first thing that I do is build a login page. const ( MinProtocolVersion byte = 10 MaxPayloadLen int = 1<<24 - 1 TimeFormat string = "2006-01-02 15:04:05" ServerVersion string = "5. Reading the MySQL documentation for the ODBC driver, you might be tempted to add a connection parameter of “charset=utf8” to the database connection string. This part of the MySQL Perl tutorial will show, how to create a database connection to the database. Database Connection String Tester. This document demonstrates how to set up a connection to a MySQL database from the NetBeans IDE. To connect to a remote MySQL server, you’ll need its IP address. The four TEXT data object types are built for storing and displaying substantial amounts of information as opposed to other data object types that are helpful with tasks like sorting and searching columns or handling smaller configuration-based options for a larger project. This chapter describes both the general MySQL Connector/NET 6. If a connection wants to reads from a table, and there is no write lock on the table, then a read lock is added to the table. I wanted to compile the connection strings to the majority of known databases ODBC DSN Less Connection. The syntax of the connection string will vary based on the programming language you are using. It is called MySql. The sample code is using “SQLAZURECONNSTR_” since the connection string that was configured had “Sql Databases” selected in the dropdown. I've searched the Internet for days but could not find the solution. But that is a few months away. Connection pools are used to enhance the performance of executing commands on a database. To connect using SSL, you need: A Certificate Authority (CA) certificate in a server-ca. Creating a test database in phpmyadmin (localhost). user where User = 'loadrunner'; Verifying external connectivity to the database Download an SQL query tool to verify that you can successfully connect to the database. net that you can use. Here it is connecting to the MySQL database that is running on the local server using username root and its password. Create Table With All Data Types In MySQL: 14. Other errors can be found only when an attempt is made to Open the connection. Frequently used operations (managing databases, tables, columns, relations, indexes, users, permissions, etc) can be performed via the user interface, while you. That is, "Fred" and "freD" are considered equal at the database level. Unmodified Added Modified Removed Line 30 Line 30; class dbal_mysql extends dbal {var $multi_insert = true; class dbal_mysql extends dbal {var $multi_insert = true. Collection Types in PL/SQL I often see questions on technical forums about arrays in PL/SQL, which type to use and what the differences are. Use Interfaces from java. Can you implement connect-timeout as a connection string option? (You can use the connect-timeout from mysql_options() function) How to repeat: Try and connect to a non-existing database url. json-> enter the connection string, as shown below. For that, your application should be appropriately configured, for example using the inbuilt MySQLi (MySQL Improved) extension. mysql_connect function takes three argument: 1) hostname where the MySQL database is running 2) MySQL username to connect 3) Password for the mysql user. There are lots of great answers on specific connection problems, but I was hoping to get some clarification on host type. Connect with MySQL. At config file int he connection string element you can add this code. I learned about something very useful today and thought I'd share. This discussion is archived. The MySQL ODBC Driver is a powerful tool that allows you to connect with live MySQL data, directly from any applications that support ODBC connectivity. But in last tutorial I stored android images to MySQL database. The Create User Directory. To speak with a customer service representative, please use the support phone number or chat option above. When you save the string, Campaign will automatically test the connection. We will learn here the code for connecting to MySQL database using PDO class. NET Entity Framework. Configuring SQL Developer for MySQL. Pratt, Mary Z. 192 is my Laptop’s IP Address and 3306 is my Port number to connect on. Please join: MySQL Community on Slack; As I wrote before (mail from 05. 2 Unicode Driver and I am running Labview 2012 with MySQL 5. 3-0 which were in fact ODBC driver. But the connection string which I copied from the mysql connection manager not working. 0 has a couple new ways to reference connection strings stored in the web. When I configure my Hybrid Connection, I will need to specify an endpoint of DatabaseServer as shown in the figure below. now I want to use SQL server or Mysql metiante the same method I need help. If after you place a connection string in your Web. You can use the mysql program as a quick and easy way to access your databases directly. If the user has not been granted privileges to connect to a specific database, and the user tries to use that database in the MySQL connection string, the connection will fail. Net Framework dataprovider for ODBC”–>Ok In the connection properties, select “use Connection string”–>Build. MySqlConnectionStringBuilder allows you to construct a connection string by assigning values to corresponding properties. You might see big times for slow internet users. ConnectionStrings. It can be done as scripted below. The ODBC Connection String. MySqlConnectionProvider. A host name (mandatory) and a port number (optional if you are using port 5480), followed by a forward slash (/). To fix this, you can run the following command in MySQL:. because we don’t have any blank user in the classicmodels database. Even so, there are other reasons to encrypt the key (or the file). Sequelize will keep the connection open by default, and use the same connection for all queries. You open the connection using the OpenConnection method of the RDO Data Control. Now in this tutorial we won’t store image to MySQL database instead we will save our image inside a directory. 5 now in terminal i can check if it is work. NET Core you’ll want to specify the provider in a class that inherits from DbConfiguration. The user name used to connect does not have permissions to connect to the database specified in the connection string. js, and what your connection string should look like. The ConnectionString is similar to an OLE DB connection string. When I configure my Hybrid Connection, I will need to specify an endpoint of DatabaseServer as shown in the figure below. A connection string template is a regular connection string in which you replace some values with placeholders. ODBC should work but it sounds like something is trying to validate your connection string as if it were an OLE DB connection string. Connect to MySQL or Microsoft SQL Server using R 1 Introduction Connecting to a MySQL database or Microsoft SQL Server from the R environment can be extremely useful. Here's a quick one. In this guide we'll provide some examples you can use! You will need your database credentials for this to work. I already published tutorials about how to upload image to server from android. NET Core there’s this new configuration model where you can get values from different providers?. dll as reference in your project. Example PHP MySQL connection string. 3) and above or NuGet client 4. Here Mudassar Ahmed Khan has explained a simple Tutorial with an example, how to use MySql Database with MySql Connector in ASP. Connection pools are used to enhance the performance of executing commands on a database. strconnect = "Driver={MySQL ODBC 5. for MySQL DB it work for ODBC setup but i am struggling with OLE DB. Solved MySQL losing connection after 15 or so minutes? String pname = p. To connect to a database, the application provides a connection string which specifies parameters such as the host, the username, the password, etc. Connecting to MySQL Using JDBC Driver – in this tutorial, you will learn how to connect to MySQL database using JDBC Connection object. 1) Add MySQL dll Reference to your project like given below. As the most widely used interface to relational data, ODBC. However, no heroic measures are taken to work around major missing SQL features - if your server version does not support sub-selects, for example, they won't work in SQLAlchemy either. Connection string. NET, SQL, Coldfusion, and WebMatrix hosting backed by world class 24x7x365 toll free phone support. From your list of databases, click Actions next to the database you want to use, and then click Details. 17 th November, 2009. This tutorial will require a mysql database and a web development environment using mysql, apache and php and a simple text editor. From this example, you can learn the following: Every method you invoke on a connection is queued and executed in sequence. sock' (2) in /home. You must specify a provider name for an OleDbConnection connection string. The following table describes the options that you can include in the connection string for MySQL:. NET Core MVC 2. You have the option of using a DSN-less connection or a DSN connection. JDBC Mysql Connection String: 20. In the shown menu, navigate to Extensions and select the checkbox from the list the MySql. When we do so, we are presented with the following window. Driver to open and close connection,. If True, CHAR and VARCHAR and TEXT columns are returned as Unicode strings, using the configured character set. If you have never written Java code to connect MySQL before, it's worth reading this tutorial from the beginning. Mysql Connection string using MVC 5 on remote database Godaddy Hostings. leave the connection string as is, so implementer have to decide for themselves and make a deliberate choice; disable ssl useSSL=false. Run trac-admin to create a new Trac environment. The Connection String includes parameters such as the name of the driver, Server name and Database name , as well as security information such as user name and password. JDBC MySQL Connection String URL. Here, system and oracle are the username and password of the Oracle database. Values may be delimited by. Active 2 years, 4 months ago. Warning: mysql_real_escape_string() [function. Hi, I am quite new to PHP and MySQl and making my progress. A database connection is defined with a connection string. Viewed 103k times 18. This will show you how to open a database connection, execute a SQL query, and display the results. id a numeric ID for the channel. I already published tutorials about how to upload image to server from android. Set up MySQL default password. In fact, the port number may vary for each application life cycle depending on its availability at startup time. NET Core application. (default: False) auth_plugin_map - A dict of plugin names to a class that processes that plugin. Data" from the list. This chapter provides an example of how to create a simple JDBC application. I am trying to get IWS version 8 to connect to MySql 5. To connect to a database, the application provides a connection string which specifies parameters such as the host, the username, the password, etc. Hi, im new using xamarin, so i dont have any idea to how make a connection between a remote MySql DB and my project i will apreciate any help. The first step in learning how to connect an Android app to a MySQL database is configuring the backend. Just a piece of help. 0 package as it has a package dependency on SemVer 2. 0, Microsoft. In this section, I’m going to explain how we’re going to get our iPhone app to connect to the MySQL database and we’ll also create some database tables and fill it with some data. 26 responses to “QTP Database Testing DSN Connection String Examples MySQL, SQL Server, Excel, Oracle”. For more information about connection pooling, see Connection Pooling for the MySql Data Provider. In this example we are using MySql as the database. Try DataDirect Drivers Now. MySQL and PHP are two technologies used by many web developers. Pratt, Mary Z. CharSet, Character Set, CharacterSet: utf8mb4: MySqlConnector always uses utf8mb4 to send and receive strings from MySQL Server. Does anyone know the connection string to use to connect to an mysql database using a dsn-less connection without an odbc driver. Although the documentation has quite a lot to say on the subject, I feel it tries to introduce too many concepts at once and ends up being confusing, especially when it comes to choosing between VARRAYs and Nested Table collections, where most of the. You can also reference the Connecting to a Database Using PHP article for more information. Let’s create a new main. (A full list of databases with built-in support is provided in the "Supported Databases" section. config with "MySql. You can connect to an Aurora DB cluster using the same tools that you use to connect to a MySQL or PostgreSQL database. And mysqli_connect can take the database name in directly, but mysql_connect can’t take the database name there. alter database alter table alter view analyze table backup table cache index change master to check table checksum table commit create database create index create table create view delete describe do drop database drop index drop table drop user drop view explain flush grant handler insert join kill load data from master load data infile load index into cache. config file. Get the connection string details from the Azure portal. config or web. You have to specify host with -h and put 127. Connection pools are used to enhance the performance of executing commands on a database. Connection Strings - Get A Connection String From Config File; Connection Textbox To Datagrid - How To Connection Textbox To Datagrid; Connection String To Read. OleDb Connection String Syntax. In many cases, because it doesn't really have to work every time. Okay, before we need to set up the database we will connect. I want to make my SSIS project can be configure through project parameters. Warning: mysql_real_escape_string() [function. integer, TCP/IP port to connect to unix_socket string, location of unix_socket (UNIX-ish only) conv mapping, maps MySQL FIELD_TYPE. There is a semi-colon in your password string. A connection string is a sequence of variables which will address the specific database and allow you to connect your code to your MySQL database. Data; Go to Project root-> appsettings. PIP is most likely already installed in your Python environment. There are lots of great answers on specific connection problems, but I was hoping to get some clarification on host type. Okay, I'll try doing a very simple connection and see what happens but I don't think that will help unless it lets you check it more easily. 3) and above or NuGet client 4. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: